Yancheng, which is further north of the Yangtze, turned

d to the river for water in late June after experiencing at least four drinking water contamination incidents.

“As many areas abandon local sources and turn to the Yangtze, some sections of the river have become overcrowded” with diversion facilities, the report said.

Even the Yangtze is not a perfectly safe supply. In April 2014, for example, drinking wa

ter in Taizhou was interrupted because of pollutants discharged from local chemical plants.

In 2016, inspectors from the central government visited 12 of the 30 sites for collecting drink

ing water along the Yangtze in Jiangsu province and found eight with environmental violations, includin

g the existence of ports for the transportation of chemicals and fish farms in protected areas.

In March 2018, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Min

istry of Water Resources initiated a special campaign to root out environment

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The 40-year-old Wang Xing, chairman and CEO of M

eituan Dianping, China’s leading on-demand online service provider, is the youngest among China’s 10 most powerful businesspeople, according to the list.

Dong Mingzhu, chairwoman of Gree Electric Appliances, a major home appliances maker

based in Zhuhai, Guangdong province, is the only woman entrepreneur on the top 10 ranking, placing seventh.

Xu Jiayin (Hui Ka Yan), chairman of China’s property developer Evergrande Gro

up, and Lei Jun, founder of smartphone maker Xiaomi Group, also made the top 10.

The China Consumers Association said Wednesday that financial servi

ces in automobile sales should be clearly priced and forced transactions eliminated.

The association held a discussion Wednesday morning on the issues of fina

ncial service fees in automobile sales and car buyers’ difficulties defending their rights.

The discussion concluded that car dealers fabricate required ite

ms to increase consumers’ payments and fail to provide receipts or other certificates.

When disputes over quality arise, consumers often experience difficulties negotiating with dealers or lodging complaints.

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The national landmark has received thousands of visitors

from China and overseas since it opened in 1968. Leaders from more than 70 countries and over 600 delegations from 150 nations have visited it.

During the three days it reopened to the public before taking road traffic in December, the bridge had more than 200,000 visitors.

The 4,589-meter-long structure reopened after 27 months of repairs. As China’s first home-designed road and rail truss bridge, it has been p

raised and loved by many. A truss bridge is one whose load-bearing superstructure is composed of connected elements forming triangular units.

Liu Yong, 63, a retired teacher from Nanjing, said he was in elementary school when the bridge first op

ened. Without telling his parents and teachers, he and his classmates walked more than 10 kilometers to see it.

“It was the most magnificent structure I had ever seen. When our relatives visited Nanjing, we

took them to see the bridge instead of visiting other well-known places of interest,” Liu said.

Zhou Lei, who lives in a residential community near the bridge, said that when he was an elementary school student in Ya

ncheng, Jiangsu, his father promised him that he would take him to see the bridge if he had high scores in his final exam.

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Revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen once suggested that

an underwater tunnel should be built to connect the railways in Nanjing

, but his dream was not realized for about 100 years. In 1929, Sun’s casket was transpor

ted to Pukou district along the Tientsin-Pukow Railway before being ferried to downtown Nanjing.

In 1930, John Alexander Low Waddell, a 76-year-old Canadian who was a

traffic consultant to the Chinese government, said the Yangtze in Nanjing was too deep and

was flowing too fast to construct a bridge, according to the Academy of Sociology.

The government launched large-scale investigations in 1936 and 1946 before dropping the pla

n. In 1956, the State Council, China’s Cabinet, proposed constructing the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge.

To test the bridge’s load-bearing capacity, Xu Shiyou, who comma

nded the Nanjing Military Region, ordered an armored regim

ent to drive 118 amphibious tanks on the newly built structure at 8 am on Sept 25, 1969.

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The tanks lined up, were kept 50 meters apart and stre

ched for 10 km, making it a memorable scene for a generation.

In October 2016, the bridge was closed for repairs after being open for almost 50 years. The 100,000 vehicles it carried each day far

exceeded its designed capacity of 8,000, causing many cracks to appear in the structure. It has been repaired 12 times since 2002.

Other problems it faced included falling mortar and metal fatigue.

The government decided to spend more than 1.1 billion yuan ($164 million) on the repairs.

The structure’s original concrete deck was replaced by a steel one, which is lighter and h

as greater durability. The replacement work was carried out above the 27,000-volt railway line. Any falling mater

ial, even a screw, would have caused a power failure and disrupted services on the busy Beijing-Shanghai Rail

way. Workers had to erect scaffolding and protective nets when no trains were passing.

The diameter of the lamp bases on the bridge were reduced by 5 ce

ntimeters, making the sidewalk wider and more convenient for pedestrians.

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The male turtle, thought to be more than 100 years

old, has poor sperm motility and its genitals were damaged. Since it could not naturally impr

egnate the female, experts had undertaken four insemination procedures since 2015.

“It’s a disastrous loss for the protection of the species,” said Liu Nonglin, chief engineer of the Chinese Association of Zoolog

ical Gardens. “The experts had researched former insemination surgeries, consulted colleagues and made the best

surgery and rescue plan. The team even experimented on three male and two female large-sized Asian turtles usi

ng the same surgical procedures. But the tragedy happened even though the surgery was well planned.”

More than 1 meter in length and weighing more than 100 kilograms, Yangtze giant softshell turtles are the world’s largest freshw

ater turtles. Besides the one male left in China, two other animals, whose sex is unknown, have been observed in the wild in Vietnam.

“Artificial insemination surgery for the turtle requires procedures

such as anesthesia, blood sampling and sperm extraction,” Wen Cheng, a turtle expert with

International Union for Conservation of Nature, was quoted by Lifeweek.com.cn as saying.

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Shanghai, which in 2013 began promoting the etique

tte of standing on the right and walking on the left, is not the first city to abandon the

norm. Many cities in China, including Tianjin, Xi’an and Nanjing have dropped the practice.

“It used to be a courtesy not to block people walking on the escalat

or, but given the safety concerns and damage to the machines, holding the handrails and standi

ng still should be advocated,” lawyer Liu Linsheng was quoted as saying in the local news portal Eastday.

The new notices, although not compulsory, have won support from commuters.

“It’s been a habit for most to leave space on the left for those who walk

on escalators, so we may not be able to change our habits overnight,” said Peng Xu

an, a commuter in Shanghai. “But for the safety of everyone, if you want to walk or are in a hurry, you can use the stairs.”

Peng said he has seen some people fall while trying to move too quickly

on an escalator, adding that during peak hours standing on both sides is more efficient.

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Slower rise in Chinese studying overseas pose for phot

The number of Chinese studying abroad grew at a slower rate in 2018 compared with 2017, as more students have come to realize

that overseas study does not necessarily guarantee a well-paid job on foreign shores, or back home, education experts said.

In 2018, 662,100 Chinese went abroad to study, up 8.83 percent from a year earlier, w

hile the growth rate was 11.7 percent in 2017, according to the Ministry of Education.

Ran Wei, vice-president of New Channel International Education

Group, said that while one should not read too much into the lower growth rate last year because of the la

rge base in 2017, the major motivation for Chinese students going abroad seems to be evolving.

The main driver now for enrolling in offshore schools is to make re

sumes more attractive for job searches back in China rather than seeking a new life abroad.

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However, experts believe an overseas education sho

uld not be viewed purely from the perspective of return on investment, because the experience can help students develop valuable, nonacademic skills.

China will continue to significantly relax market access, and create

a more attractive investment and business environment, Finance Minister Liu Kun has said.

Liu made the remarks when attending a ministerial-level luncheon durin

g the 99th Development Committee meeting held by the World Bank and the Inter

national Monetary Fund on April 12 and 13 in Washington, D.C., according to China’s Ministry of Finance.

Vice-Finance Minister Zou Jiayi attended a ministerial-level meeting and gave a speech.

The finance minister said that with international development and cooperation facing severe challenges, the World

Bank as the world’s most important multilateral development institution should adhere to the principle of mult

ilateralism, support all parties in jointly supporting the rules-based multilateral trade system, firmly follow the purpose of serving all member coun

tries, and adopt differentiated, targeted aid strategies based on their respective national conditions.

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Speaking of the Chinese economy, Liu said, China is

 accelerating its transition from high-speed growth to high-quality develo

pment, as its economic structure continues to upgrade, and new momentum sustains remarkable growth.

China has adopted a proactive fiscal policy this year with greater intensity and enhanced efficiency, rolling out substa

ntial tax cuts and fee reductions, and its economic growth in the first quarter has gotten off to a good start, Liu said.

The minister said his country will continue to significantly relax ma

rket access, enhance the protection of intellectual property rights, and carry out larg

er-scale tax cuts and fee reductions, so as to create a more attractive investment and business environment.

On the sidelines of the Development Committee meeting, Liu met with David Malpass, the new World Bank president, as scheduled.

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